Orthodontic conditions such as overbites and overjets should be treated early in life before it becomes too difficult to reverse them. Parrish Orthodontics is here to help patients get prompt treatment, ideally in childhood. In more severe cases, oral surgery may be required to correct these conditions.
Overbite or Overjet?
An overjet is sometimes called buck teeth. It is different from overbite as the upper teeth protrude past the bottom teeth at an angle. With an overbite, there is no angle in the protrusion, as the upper teeth protrude past the bottom teeth but remain straight or downward-facing. While the terms may be used interchangeably by some, and both conditions have similarities, they are not the same.
The following factors can contribute to overbites:
- Heredity or genetics
- Habits such as thumb-sucking or overusing bottles and pacifiers during infancy
- Biting nails, chewing pens during adolescence and adulthood
- Teeth grinding
- Tongue-thrusting habits causing maxillary protrusion
- Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Overbites are classified into two main types, skeletal and dental overbites.
Skeletal overbites are due to lower jaws being smaller than upper jaws, so the teeth in the upper jaw are pushed forward.
In dental overbites, while the upper jaw and lower jaw may be aligned, the teeth themselves may be poorly aligned, pushing the lower jaw back and resulting in an overbite.
Why Overbite and Overjet Correction is Needed
Excessive overbite or overjet can make biting into food and chewing more difficult. Sometimes these conditions can impact speech as well. Misaligned teeth and jaws can result in jaw pain and tooth wear, even increased risk of teeth breakage in the event of blows to the mouth.
Overbite and Overjet Treatment at Parrish Orthodontics
At Parrish Orthodontics we provide several treatment options for overbites and overjets:
Dental Braces: these can repair overbites and crooked or misaligned teeth. Braces are attached to the teeth to straighten and align them, then elastic bands are fitted on the brackets to shift the jaw into the correct position through constant pressure. After this process, patients wear retainers to keep the teeth in proper position. Correcting severe overbites with braces takes 2 years minimum.
Invisalign: an alternative for braces for those uncomfortable with metal braces’ appearance, Invisalign uses clear trays that gradually guide the teeth to correct their position.
Surgery: in the case of overbites due to misaligned jaw bone, surgery is required to correct the patient’s smile. Overbite surgery is ideal for adults as children may not require them since their teeth and bones are still developing and it is easier to repair these using braces or Invisalign.
Tooth extraction: if the overbite is due to overcrowded teeth, removing one or more teeth can help the remaining teeth move to their normal positions resulting in proper jaw alignment.
The Parrish Orthodontics team pays special attention to repairing bite problems as we understand how patients can be sensitive about their appearance – and we believe our patients deserve to have beautiful smiles. Reach out to schedule a consultation with us!